Multiple Intelligence in Language Teaching
By: Endang Sriwahyuni
Multiple intelligences (MI) are about the ability of each person that exists in the self toward a thing like in learning, solving problem, etc. Each person may have different multiple intelligence. Even everyone can possess more than one of it as Gardner divided the multiple intelligences into eight kinds. Everyone may have different learning style based on their intelligences. So that’s why, in my opinion, the teacher have to concern in this case so that the learning process can cover and make a sense in all students. Further hope that students can master the material enjoyable as they do something that they like.
The teacher can do the teaching based on MI in every lesson with various activities. It doesn’t mean that teacher have to prepare eight kinds of activities as the amount of MI. Sometime, one activity covers and represents more than one MI. For example, when the teacher instructs the students to work in a group of four, then go to library or ICT laboratory to browse the Kahlil Gibran’s poem and finally present it in front of the class with concept of simple musical poem. This activity has already covered interpersonal, bodily kinesthetic, musical, and verbal linguistic.
So, basically, how can teacher integrate multiple intelligences in language teaching method? Let’s have some perception through my following example about my dream method. The teacher is going to teach about description text. Students are divided into groups of five. They are invited to go to school garden, observe what kind of, for example, plants they can find in the garden. Then, they have to choose one plant, observe its characteristic, including why it is suitable to live in this area, and how to reach this location from class, and then create a description text. After that, each group makes jingle that relates with the plants they described, it consist of lyric and body gesture. They have to present their text in front of class and begin it with the jingle. Finally, they are instructed to write the self-reflection about their learning on that day. Now, let’s relate the above example with multiple intelligences.
|Work in group||Interpersonal|
|Go to school yard/garden||Bodily kinesthetic|
|Observe the characteristics of plant and analyze why this plant suitable to live in this area||Naturalist, logical-mathematic|
|Create description text and jingle lyrics||Verbal linguistics|
|Give the direction in the text about how to reach plant location||Spatial|
|Jingle performance||Musical, bodily kinesthetic|
See, what a fun session it is, integrating multiple intelligence in activities of our lesson. The teacher can improve students exciting in learning with fun activities for finally reach the objectivities by integrating students multiple intelligences.
(Inspiration: MI session with Mr. Iwan Syahril & SSE LTM Handbook)