A Teacher Needs to Know the Models of Learning
The core job of a teacher is teaching, so, is it important to know the model of learning in the class? Hmmm… . Absolutely it is yes. Why? because teaching is a media to guide students learning. So, the teacher needs to know the models of learning. The aim of it is to conduct various learning activities in the class.
Based on the book written by Watkins, Carnell, and Lodge entitled “Effective Learning in Classroom”, there are three models of learning, they’re reception, construction, and co-construction.
Reception is model of learning where there is transmission of knowledge from the external source (for example is teacher) to the receiver (students). So, learning here is being taught. The teacher gives students the concept and knowledge while students are only receiving it purely.
Construction is totally different with reception because in this model, students construct by their selves the meaning of concept of knowledge through discussion, discovery, open-ended learning, making connections, etc. Here, learning means an individual sense-making.
Co-construction model let students or learners to interact with other learners then collaboratively building knowledge. It can be in form of group discussion, jigsaw, etc.
With those three models of learning, the class activity will
make the students’ thought be balance as they ever taught directly by teacher like the common happen in school, they ever sharp the individual sense-making, and even they ever cooperate with others in establish the knowledge. It will be very enjoyable learning in the class if there are various activities applied. So, teacher need to know, even master and apply the three models of learning for students.