By: Endang Sriwahyuni

There are some strategies that can be used for giving instruction in the class. It is important for teachers and candidate of teachers to master this strategies. Why? Of course because instruction can impact to whether or not students understand about what we talk. Before talking furthure, let’s clarify the following terms.

Instructional strategy is a general approach, such as direct, indirect, experiental, collaborative, individual study.

Instructional method means a specifict approach like lecture, small group report, etc.

Instructional skill is a specific teacher behavior. For example: giving demonstration, asking questions, giving directions, etc.

So, here actually, what i am going to write is about the general approach of instruction which is called “instructional strategies”.

There are five kinds of instructional strategies, they are: direct instruction, individual study, indirect instruction, experimential learning, and collaborative learning.

Direct Instruction is the approach which is also called teacher-centered. Here, the teacher is the all resources for students in the class. The example of this method is lecturing, didactic questioning, power point presentation, etc.

Individual study, where the teacher gives instruction to students doing something, then the students do it by their selves (individually), and the students, letter, will consult again to the teacher. We can write it also as teacher – student- teacher- student. The examples of this method are giving assignments like essay, repot, project, journal, etc.

Indirect instruction, where believe that the learning is more meaningful when students can seek and discover the knowledge. For example: debate, panels, brainstorming, group investigation, etc.

Experiential, is kind of strategy that is applied by giving students the experience in what are being learned. It seems like feel the real, through design of activities from teacher.

Collaborative learning where the students are in some groups to discuss, share, explore question, complete project, and interact each other.

From the five kinds of instructional strategies above, the common society will decide that the direct instruction is the worst in term of effectiveness because it does not engage students in learning, no interaction between teacher and students and students with students. The teacher only who becomes the center of all activities. However, actually those five kinds of instructional strategies are incomparable. Each of them has its own capacity in creating effectiveness of the class. Direct instruction is also effective when it is used for acquiring information or step-by-step skill. It is also will be effective when the teacher is knowledgeable and skillful.

For the additional information, now is found the center stratigies where the activities in class is based on technology usage like smartboard to subtitute blackboard, and another technology equipments. It is because of the progress of the time. You can see more about it in the video through this link

So, basically, the is no worst and best in the instructional strategies, just depend on what are being taught and how the teacher apply this itself.