Five Instructional Strategies, Which one is the best?

By: Endang Sriwahyuni

There are some strategies that can be used for giving instruction in the class. It is important for teachers and candidate of teachers to master this strategies. It is because an instruction can impact to whether or not students understand about what we talk and want. Before talking furthure, let’s clarify the following terms.

Instructional strategy is a general approach such as direct, indirect, experiental, collaborative, and individual study.

Instructional method means a specific approach like lecturing, small group report, etc.

Instructional skill is a specific teacher behavior. For example: giving demonstration, asking questions, giving directions, etc.

So, what i am going to write here is about the general approach of instruction which is called as “instructional strategies”.

There are five kinds of instructional strategies, they are: direct instruction, individual/independent study, indirect instruction, experiential learning, and collaborative learning.

Direct Instruction is the approach which is also called as teacher-centered. Here, the teacher is the all resources for students in the class. The example of this method is lecturing, didactic questioning, power point presentation, etc.

Individual study is an approach where the teacher gives instruction to students doing something. Then the students do it by themselve (individually) and they will also consult their works to the teacher. We can also called it as teacher – student- teacher- student. The examples of this method are giving assignments like essay, repot, project, journal, etc.

Indirect instruction is a kind of believe that the learning is more meaningful when students can seek and discover the knowledge. For example: debate, panels, brainstorming, group investigation, etc.

Experiential is kind of strategy that is applied by giving students the experience in what are being learned. It seems like feel the real through various design of activities from teacher.

Collaborative learning where the students are in some groups to discuss, share, explore question, complete project, and interact each other.

From the five kinds of instructional strategies above, the common society will decide that the direct instruction is the worst in term of effectiveness because it does not engage students in learning, no interaction between teacher and students and students with another students. The teacher is the only center of all activities. However, basically, those five kinds of instructional strategies are incomparable. Each of them has its own capacity in creating effectiveness of the class. Direct instruction is also effective when it is used for acquiring information or step-by-step skill. It is also will be effective when the teacher is knowledgeable and skillful.

For the additional information, now it has been found the center strategies where the activities in the class is based on technology usage like smartboard to subtitute blackboard, videos, and another technology equipments. It is because of the progress of the time. You can see more about it in the video through this link

So, basically, there is no worst and best in the instructional strategies, just depend on what are being taught and how the teacher apply it.



About Endang Sriwahyuni

a long life learner, an educator, a writer, and a dreamer.

Posted on Januari 6, 2011, in English Teaching (TLL Project) and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 6 Komentar.

  1. Devieta Noor Afini

    Yes, I agree with you. That we have to be vary in teaching process. Some people blame on direct method. They said that that the traditional method and can not be applied nowadays. However, even lecturing or direct method is important. Because in fact, students need clarification and direct explanation from teacher. What do you think Mba Een?


  2. Hello endang,
    i absolutely agree with you, no the worst no the best. What i can sonclude is those all instructional strategy are completed each other. So, what we, as teacher, can do is combining them to create an effective learning. That encourages us to become a creative teacher, doesn’t it? 😉


    • That’s allright Diyah.. Love it. “Creative effective teacher” that’s what we are going to be. I just think that actually a teacher is multitalented profession because we have to be good decision maker like a doctor when he/she will decide how to help the patients. Teacher have to be justice to students like a jude does. A teacher even have to be a good script writer and director, not for produced movie, but class activity. Hmm… Spirit… We can…


  3. Yes, I also agree with all of you.. ^0^
    No worst and no best in teaching method, the important is how and when teacher use it…
    I also depends on teacher creativity..
    So, according to u all, as a teacher candidate how can we sharpen our creativity?
    oh ya, teacher also needs to know their student’s characteristic..
    but how can we dig it?
    it will takes time if we ask them one by one isn’t it?:


    • Sharpen creativity.. mmm it can be done through always keeping up date to technology and information about the world to be connected to our teaching.
      then, actually to know well our students, we can do it not only in class but also out of class like through their facebook account, etc. It will be exhausted is true, but it will be affect positive atmosphere of our teaching is more true. 😛


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